Cordova supports a large fishing fleet for Prince William Sound and several fish processing plants. Copper River red salmon, pink salmon, herring, halibut, and other types of fish are harvested.
In 2011, nearly 400 residents held commercial fishing permits, and nearly half of all households have someone working in the industry - either harvesting or processing. The number increases even more if one also considers residents employed in seafood marketing and watershed protection.
The largest employers in Cordova are Trident Seafoods, Inc, Cordova School District, Cordova Community Medical Center, the City, and Alaska Department of Transportation. The U.S. Coast Guard maintains an Air Support Facility 13 miles out of town adjacent to Mudhole Smith Airport, and the U.S.C.G. buoy tender Sycamore is home ported in Cordova. The U.S. Forest Service also has personnel in Cordova.